IP Protocol

The IP Protocol standardizes how machines forward or route packets over the internet or any IP network based on the IP address.  The most fundamental piece to this protocol is it’s ability to perform routing functions to forward packets appropriately to various destinations.  The ability to route packets and define the standards for which a packet is addressed and made unique so it can be routed appropriately is only a single component to allow for the delivery of packets.  For instance IP does not have any measures on it’s own for reliable packet delivery, so the IP protocol itself must work with other protocols to achieve reliable packet delivery, such as TCP.

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